The hottest to build an unmanned factory, China's

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In the past two years, the industrial robot industry has entered a period of explosive growth. How to use robots to solve manufacturing difficulties and upgrade to intelligent manufacturing? Where is the dilemma? The countdown to robot replacement officially started

build an unmanned factory. China's robot market has a space of trillion

in Dongguan, China, a robot industry base aiming at world-class is accelerating

recently, the Preparatory Office of Songshanhu International Robot Collaborative Innovation Institute, as the core part of the base, was officially listed, and a number of enterprises holding the core technology of robot manufacturing have entered. The head of the base is Professor Li Zexiang, a leader in the global robot industry and director of the automation center of the Hong Kong University of science and technology. The domestic robot industry has just started, and we will carry out differentiated development with other robot industry bases. Due to the large scale of 3C computer, communication and consumer electronics industries in Dongguan and the Pearl River Delta, the base will first carry out robot development for the 3C industry. Li Zexiang said

Luo Baihui, vice president of Dongguan robotics Association, said that various robot industry bases in the Pearl River Delta are blooming everywhere. Last year, China's Guangdong Province issued the outline of Guangdong informatization development plan (2013-2020), taking industrial robots and other intelligent equipment as the key direction of development. Since last year, from the provincial level of Guangdong to large manufacturing cities such as Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Foshan, they have launched corresponding new policies for the development of the robot industry according to their respective industrial plans, forming their own ideas and practices

the difficulties of manufacturing industry come from three aspects. The first is labor cost. Since 2005, workers' wages have soared, and enterprises are gradually overwhelmed. The second is the shortage of land and the pressure of environmental protection. The greater dilemma comes from the pressure of global manufacturing competition. The only way out is for the manufacturing industry to move towards intelligent high-end. The development of intelligent manufacturing industry represented by robots is seen as the only key to get out of all the above difficulties. Luo Baihui said that there are two advantages of robots being widely used in manufacturing. On the one hand, the competitiveness of the manufacturing industry is nothing more than price and quality. Large scale automated manufacturing can establish a comparative advantage between price and quality for enterprises, not only greatly improve the accuracy and quality of products, but also ensure the delivery time. On the other hand, the use of robots combines and compresses the original production lines, greatly improving the utilization rate of the workshop and increasing the output per unit area. In addition, robots work in dangerous and labor-intensive positions such as dispensing, welding and handling, which not only solves the outstanding problem of difficult employment, but also solves the problem of environmental protection, and turns the low-quality speech intensive industry of labor jaws into a technology intensive industry

nowadays, many enterprises have begun to customize their own robots, and this kind of customized robots are increasingly sought after by the majority of enterprises. The exclusive robots customized according to different industries make enterprises feel the advantages brought by intelligent manufacturing. It has solved the stagnation of the manufacturing industry. Orders are rolling. The comfortable days are finally here

according to Luo Baihui, the large-scale application of robots in the manufacturing industry of the Pearl River Delta began in the second half of last year. In less than a year, robots have penetrated into many industries such as home appliances, auto parts, electronic information, food, etc., and brought profound changes to these industries

an interesting case is that Jusheng electronics, the leader of Dongguan mold industry, has even changed from an applicator of robots to a producer and promoter. Jusheng electronics carried out the secondary development of the imported robot system, developed the domestic leading intelligent precision mold flexible manufacturing system, and successfully won the iPhone accessory mold order; As an unexpected by-product, the new system developed by the company will be promoted to 10 enterprises in China to apply it on the surface of the body and parts, and each system will cost about 1million yuan

in Shunde, the capital of household appliances, the penetration of robots has increased the number of unmanned workshops and smart factories in traditional manufacturing industries such as household appliances, and significantly improved production efficiency and quality. According to the data of Shunde District Economic and Technological Promotion Bureau, in the past three years, the district has implemented more than 170 intelligent technological transformation projects, with an investment of more than 5billion yuan. The labor productivity of enterprises has increased by 30%, and the excellent rate of products has increased by 2%

after more than ten years of development, robots have formed a perfect three-tier scientific and technological innovation system mechanism, developed into a gathering place of high-level talents, and an important force of domestic knowledge innovation, technological innovation and high-tech industrialization. At the 18th CPC National Congress, the important path of developing strategic emerging industries and promoting the strategic adjustment of China's economic structure with advanced manufacturing technology was further determined. As a representative of high-end intelligent manufacturing, the robot industry is not only a high-tech industry, but also an important support and guarantee for other high-end manufacturing industries. It will become the core of made in China and the source power to promote the upgrading of manufacturing industry

how to build a digital unmanned factory in China and build itself into an intelligent, unmanned and digital overall system solution provider? According to Wu Fengli, chairman of Guangdong tostar Technology Co., Ltd., industrial robots, complete sets of industrial robot equipment and tooling robots in the field of automation industry are the core equipment and systems of digital unmanned factories. Robots are precisely the core of realizing digital unmanned factories. The company skillfully integrates robots, intelligent equipment and information technology. The process covers the production, quality, logistics and other links of factory manufacturing, and mainly solves the transformation process from factory, workshop and production line, as well as product design to manufacturing realization

at present, the world is facing the change of manufacturing mode. For China, the manufacturing industry is facing great difficulties and challenges: the disappearance of demographic dividend, labor shortage, the sharp rise of labor costs, the predatory use of resources and environment, etc., leading to the unsustainable Chinese manufacturing mode and development mode, which is in urgent need of transformation and upgrading

at the same time, the European and American monopoly on high-end manufacturing and the transfer of low-end manufacturing to countries with lower labor costs have also forced the rapid change of China's manufacturing model. The rapid improvement of robot technology, function and performance, and the sharp decline in the price of robots also make it technically feasible and market feasible for robots to replace human beings in large quantities. In addition, China's huge market space of trillions also provides strong market support for the development of the robot industry

using robots to realize the change of manufacturing mode. The watch box is broken and needs to be sent back for replacement.

many cities in the Pearl River Delta and Yangtze River Delta have begun the machine replacement plan, and the company's strategy of building a north-south wing and a South Wing in the industrial layout is also based on this. China has now become the largest robot production and marketing country in the world, and the next 10 years will be the golden period for the development of China's robot industry and the transformation of manufacturing mode. The market of robots and intelligent equipment will reach trillion. China should seize the opportunity of this new industrial revolution, vigorously develop China's robot industry, and use robots to realize the change of manufacturing mode, so as to complete China's transformation from a manufacturing power to a manufacturing power

at the same time, European scientists recently launched a robot research project with the goal of building a bee colony composed of hundreds of automated and transformer robots for personnel search and rescue, space exploration, etc

Mini robots automatically organize and vary in shape

the goal of scientists is to build a bee colony prototype composed of mini robots that can automatically organize and vary in shape by 2013. They can cooperate sincerely as a team and also have self-healing function. These robots can connect with each other, share energy together, and work together to maximize their ability to perform different tasks. The robot project, called symbrion, is expected to cost 4.6 million pounds, all funded by the European Union. Researchers from 10 European universities participated in the project. They said that this transformer robot swarm will be widely used in the future, including search and rescue missions, space exploration and medical assistance

professor Allen, University of West England, Bristol, UK? Alanwinfield said: we can release a group of mini robots and rush to the collapsed buildings caused by the earthquake. They can divide themselves into search and rescue teams to look for survivors everywhere, or lift the rubble to rescue the trapped people. Some robots can form a chain so that rescuers can communicate with survivors, while others can assemble themselves and become medicinebots to provide rescue at the first time

according to Professor Winfield, mini robots are functional in themselves, but they can combine or make corresponding changes to the shape according to the actual needs of the environment. Individual robots cannot change their appearance, but they will change and develop their functionality. Scientists participating in the symbrion project will develop relevant software so that these versatile robots can work together to maximize their abilities through their different characteristics

develop robot collaboration principles

they will also develop robot collaboration principles, which will be embedded in hardware and software, so that robot bees can make changes, adapt and establish collaboration relationships on their own without human intervention and supervision according to the actual environment they face. The first robot bee colony prototype will consist of hundreds of automatic devices, each of which is only about 1 square inch in size. Winfield denied that some people questioned that the robot bee colony might deteriorate and cause harm to humans

he said: it sounds like something that brings fear to people in science fiction, but in fact it is not. They are just complex engineering systems. They must undergo strict safety and effectiveness evaluation before they can be used in real environments. As scientists, our behavior is bound by morality and ethics, but we are not sure how these things may be used. This is a matter of different opinions, which should be decided by a broader group

Winfield also revealed that the first robot bee colony is expected to be ready for real life in the next 10 to 15 years. Noel, a professor at the University of Sheffield, UK? Noelsharkey predicted last month that the automated military robot will be put into use within 10 years. This automated force can decide when to launch an attack and who to attack, so as to achieve an annual output of 5000 tons of lithium-ion cathode materials and 200million watt hour power batteries

however, whether robots can really exist on a large scale also has certain bottlenecks

what is the bottleneck

if the obstacles in the past mainly lie in industry cognition and acceptance, the biggest obstacle now is undoubtedly capital. Enterprises need to invest a huge amount of money to use intelligent robots on a large scale, but this amount is only applicable to large enterprises, which makes many small and medium-sized enterprises daunted

however, no matter how many bottlenecks are ahead, we still believe that robots will bring unparalleled power to all walks of life in the near future.

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI